Western India | WWF
© WWF / Melissa Wheeler

Western India

The Western Indian Tiger Landscape (WITL) supports the westernmost population of the tigers in the world.

It is spread over 30,000km2 across the states of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh at the intersection of the Aravali and Vindhya mountain ranges, the oldest hill ranges of India. It comprises two tiger reserves, two national parks and nine wildlife sanctuaries, all connected to each other through wildlife corridors in the form of territorial forests, reserve forests and tributaries of the river Chambal.

The landscape is a mix of dense forests comprising mostly dhak trees, a species known to withstand long periods of drought and heat, and grasslands with on plateaus. old ruins, palaces and forts inform the backdrop of these forests, which were once the private hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur. While the tiger is the top predator here, other important wildlife include, the leopard, striped hyena, caracal, jungle cat and ungulates such as blackbuck. 

The famous Ranthambore Tiger Reserve holds the source population of tigers, which disperse into adjoining national parks and wildlife sanctuaries through the wildlife corridors, in search of new territory, food and mate.

The forests and wildlife here are threatened by habitat degradation, habitat fragmentation, encroachment, poaching of tigers and prey species and human-wildlife conflict. 

WWF has been addressing key issues in this area since 2010. Our vision is to improve protection, management and connectivity through corridors, resulting in a greater dispersal of tigers and other species to ensure genetic viability of the last remaining western population of tigers in India and the world.